Find definitions to over 300 freight industry words and acronyms.
Approved Transitional Facilities – Containment areas or warehouses approved by New Zealand MPI to hold and manage imported goods that are considered a biosecurity risk or hazard, such as plant materials, used machinery, sea containers, etc.
Also referred to as bulk freighter or bulker, a bulk carrier is a ship specifically designed to transport bulk commodity cargoes such as coal, cement, diesel, etc. Such goods are stored in the vessel’s cargo hold.
A transport document finalised at departure, listing all cargo (including quantities and descriptions), crew and passengers on board, for destination port authorities including customs.
Vessel loading plan, based on commodity types, quantities, weights, scheduled unloading ports and other key considerations to ensure the ship is seaworthy, efficiently loaded, and ready for departure on time.
Used in foreign trade, a certificate of origin documents the country in which goods were manufactured, produced, or processed amongst other important shipment details including destination, commodity, etc.
Container Freight Station. Also referred to as a container terminal or container yard, the CFS is the designated port location assigned to the storage, loading and unloading of containerised freight to and from vessels.
The regulation of shipping traffic in terms of shipment quantities between two foreign countries – 20% for owners of the country which is neither the origin nor the destination, 40% for owners of the country of destination and 40% for owners of the country of origin, as drafted under the auspices of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Required by some foreign countries, the consular invoice is a document used in international trade to certify a shipment of goods and details relative cargo particulars including commodity, consignee, consignor, etc.
A container, or shipping container, is a steel rectangular box or collapsible platform typically measuring 10ft, 20ft and 40ft in length. They are used for storage and modular transportation by road, rail and sea.
When a shipping line urgently requests container numbers for shipments that are yet to be gated in for loading. Such information is used by the shipping line to finalise cargo manifests and loading placement/order.
Also known as a ship-to-shore crane, or container handling gantry crane, the container crane is a specially designed dockside gantry crane used to load and unload shipping containers to and from vessels.
Also referred to as containerised cargo, containerised freight are goods packed into standardised shipping containers measuring 20ft and 40ft in length, ready for shipment and transportation.
The act of passing imported or exported goods through customs, subject to documentation and physical inspection approval (where applicable), permitting cargo to enter or leave the country.
A cut and run can refer to the late arrival of a vessel at port, requiring the ship to depart prematurely without loading all reserved cargo and shipping containers in order to maintain sailing schedule. Original use of the term related to the hasty departure of a vessel requiring the ship’s anchor cable to be cut in order to make sail at once.
Also referred to as hazardous material, dangerous goods are potentially harmful substances such as petroleum, acid, radioactive material, explosives, biohazardous medical waste, etc that pose a high or unreasonable risk to the health and safety of people, property, flora and fauna.
Also referred to as a detention charge, demurrage is a penalty fee relating to the late detention of a ship or freight transportation vehicle, during loading or unloading, beyond allowable specified timeframes (Free Time).
Additionally referred to as the DIM weight, volume weight, cubed weight and measurement weight, the dimensional weight is a method of calculating freight transportation fees with consideration to cargo height, width and length.
Additionally referred to as a forwarder, forwarding agent or third party logistics provider (3PL), a freight forwarder is a business that specialises in the shipping and storage of goods on behalf of a shipper. Other common freight forwarding services include cargo tracking, containerised freight packing and devanning, insurance, customs clearances, etc. For more information please see what is a freight forwarder and why do I need one?
Incoterms or International Commerce Terms are a standardisation of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce and accepted by legal authorises, governments, and agencies all over the world. They are primarily used for the authoritative and uniformed interpretation of common international trade terms to define costs and liabilities between parities.
Please see Incoterms Explained for more information.
The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code. Minimum security measures and responsibilities governing international trade ports and agencies to ensure security threats are identified and prevented.
Issued by an Insurance Company, Marine Cargo Insurance is a guarantee of compensation for goods should they be lost, damaged or adversely delayed while at sea, subject to specified criteria, terms and conditions.
1. Large cargo which exceeds standard dimensions and may require specialised equipment for transport, loading and unloading.
2. A laden road vehicle that exceeds regular maximum width, height or length limits which may require special government permits, licensing, signage (ie marked ‘oversize’) and escort pilot vehicle in order to transport.
Additionally referred to as a wharf or quay, a pier is a platform which extends from land out over water and is commonly used for docking vessels or recreational activities such as handline fishing.
The domestic and international transportation of freight that is heavy, large, out of gauge, high value or significant (in terms of importance to the project they are intended for). Project freight can present a number of logistical challenges that are often unique or specific to the transport item, requiring specialised equipment or machinery to move, load, government permits and licencing, etc.
Available in 20ft and 40ft length measurements, a refrigerated container (or reefer), is a cooled shipping container used in the transport of perishable or temperature sensitive goods such as meat, fish, milk, etc.
Rectangular in shape, a shipping container is a steel container commonly measuring 10ft, 20ft and 40ft in length. They are primarily designed for the modular transport and storage of goods.
Sometimes abbreviated 3PL or TPL, a third-party logistics provider is an outsourced business providing freight services such as transport, warehousing, cargo packing, etc.